The base social unit was the extended family of the patriarchal or agnati-cio type. The group is made up of relatives to whom clients or dependents can join, and they express their overall structures in terms of kinship, which are defined through common ancestors, real or fictitious, who are considered related to each other. Its head is the father, around whom are grouped, in an economic unit, his male descendants, their wives and their progeny, in fact forming several nuclear families living together. The tendency to inbreeding is very strong. The filiation is defined through the men, and the woman joins the husband’s family. This structure with male hegemony, is linked to the submission and cloistering of women, a trait ingrained since before Islam.
Thus, men were primarily responsible for taking care of the land or livestock, while women took care of cooking, cleaning and raising children, but also helped in the fields or with the herds. Responsibility for relations with the outside world formally rested with men. The land property belonged to the men and they bequeathed it to their male children. The women of the family were under the protection of men, and in pre-Islamic times the man had the right of life or death over the woman. a) Particularities in Bedouin society. In Be-duin society, the social unit is the group, not the individual. The group is held together externally by the need for self-defense against the dangers of desert life, and internally by the blood ties of male line descent, which is the basic social bond.
The tribe is a complex extension of the family unit; Each tent represents a family, and the members of a camp constitute a clan, and a number of related clans grouped together, form a tribe. They live in goat or camel hair tents, in each tent a family. The boss’s tent is placed in the center and those of the married sons on the right and left; Then the other relatives follow, and then that of the servants. They were not subject to a stable power of coercion, but to the leadership of the men who belonged to the families around which the tribes gathered, for a certain time, who expressed their cohesion and fidelity in the language of the lineage. common The leader of the tribe was the sheikh, and his function was to arbitrate rather than command; he did not possess coercive powers that were abominable to the nomadic Arab society. This sheikh was chosen by the elders of the tribe, usually from among the members of a single family, a kind of sheikh’s house, known as the Ahí albayt.
The conditions of access to citizenship in the UAE are very strict. Paternity prevails, and only children of Emirati parents can obtain citizenship by birth. Emirati women married to foreigners do not have the right to transmit their nationality. When these children are prevented from obtaining the nationality of their parents, they become stateless and are vulnerable to numerous violations of their rights. However, since February 19, 2012, the situation has improved and these children can apply for citizenship when they turn eighteen. Although this measure tends to reduce inequalities between men and women, the situation is far from ideal, as many minors remain unprotected in childhood.
According to official statistics, the legal age of marriage in the UAE is 18, and the median age for women is 24. However, despite the lack of current and accurate data, there are concerns that the child marriage remains a prevalent practice in the UAE. In 2001, UNICEF estimated, in its report on early marriages, that 55% of women under the age of 20 were already married.