South Africa ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in June 1995. A year later, the South African government specified children’s rights in the Bill of Rights of the Constitution, section 28: “Every child has the right to basic nutrition, shelter , health care and social services, as well as the right to be protected against mistreatment, neglect, abuse or humiliation ”. Despite these promises, children of different origins in South Africa are born with unequal opportunities; some affected by poverty, poor health and difficult access to education.
In general, something that we must keep in mind about South Africa is its culture. The Republic of South Africa is a country located in South Africa and has a population of 60 million people. South Africa is a developing country with the third largest economy in Africa. The inequalities that exist within this multicultural and multiethnic country stem from the apartheid era, imposed in 1948 by the National Party, which launched the official racial segregation between whites and blacks.
Anti-apartheid activists fought to repeal these discriminatory laws in the mid-1980s, and in April 1994, South Africans held the first democratic elections, in which they voted by majority for the country’s first black president, Nelson Mandela. During his tenure, Mandela paid close attention to children and pushed for his citizens to approach childhood to support their growth in the midst of pain and suffering. But despite his goals and objectives, children’s rights in South Africa remain neglected.
After apartheid, South Africa made significant changes to the health sector and provided aid to populations that had previously been denied access to care. Today, access remains precarious and “thousands of children die from treatable and preventable diseases. Newborn mortality is high. The conditions that lead to these deaths – prematurity, birth complications, and neonatal infections – are all preventable and treatable. Malnutrition and obesity also influence infant mortality.
Children are also living in inadequate housing and are often less urbanized than adults, which is a particularly significant problem as rural life does not offer the same opportunities as urban life.
It is not a secret that some of the countries with less access to certain resources are in Africa, this is important to take into account not only to see how we can help, but to keep in mind how fortunate we are to have what resources to offer. those that we can access today.