We are looking at parenting practices this month depending on the country, we must bear in mind that we are going to generalize a bit due to the variety of subcultures that each region, each city and each population has. We cannot provide such a specific spectrum in front of a culture but we can comment on some general guidelines so that we keep in mind. Practices and beliefs vary from place to place and from culture to culture. These variations are linked to geographical, economic, social and cultural differences. Recognizing these differences implies adjusting the programs to local conditions.
The physical and social conditions of the environment in which the child’s daily life takes place influence the type of interaction that she has; in the need to acquire and exercise certain behaviors; and in the opportunity that is given to develop them. This dimension includes aspects such as climate, type of settlement, forms of subsistence, family organization, assignment of roles, and so on. Parenting practices. The way in which the members of a society usually raise their children depends on the physical and social conditions of the environment. The customs are adjusted to the ecological and cultural conditions; they are embedded in daily life and are not necessarily conscious or articulated as norms of behavior. They are often “taken for granted” and constitute the group’s response to the needs of the child at a certain age and in a certain context.
Regarding the Mexican culture, the characterization of the stages and the transition point is clear, although it is recognized that there are variations between individuals and that they depend on their circumstances. For example, the youngest of a family may have a longer childhood than that of their older siblings or in the case of two siblings of very close ages, the first of them is weaned very young, thus marking their early transition to the next stage. The differences between one individual and another are explained by heredity and by learning. The child inherits her personal characteristics through blood; These can be qualified by upbringing and learning, but blood is never lost and will manifest at some point, generally in adulthood. We must bear in mind that this culture is deeply rooted from the indigenous culture that marks the history and culture of the country.
Parenting guidelines are classified into a) Rigid: parenting guidelines where the culture of coexistence is based on order and respect, compliance with the rules imposed by parents, with rigid and little justified limits, obedience and Respect for parental authority is essential in family dynamics, compliance with the rule is justified by the well-being of the children and its non-compliance generates consequences; b) Negotiator: parenting guideline in which the principles, norms and limits are negotiated based on the needs of the children and the demands of the parents. Interdependence between parents and children is promoted through exchanges where both rationalization and respect for the rules and the consequences that certain behaviors of children may have are made explicit; and c) Indulgent: in this parenting pattern, parents trust the decisions their children make independently, they leave a wide margin to what their children can do, who enjoy generous freedom of action and are guided by their interests and impulses. ; there are few rules and failure to comply with them does not result in restrictions or punishment. We could say that these distinctions are very common in Latin American countries.