One of the biggest dreams of children is to be astronauts, to know space, to know the stars and everything that surrounds us in the universe. Look at the sky and be able to understand a little more about the exterior and space. Helping our children understand the universe is one of our greatest missions, we know that when we are little we have multiple constant questions, we want answers and what better way to help explain the universe to our children. It is important to awaken children’s curiosity for science and, above all, for astronomy. With games, experiments or activities we can help the little ones to reinforce the knowledge learned in school and acquire new ones. In the activities we have carried out with children, I have learned that they all carry a little scientist inside them with a tremendous desire to experience and know the world around them and we, as adults, have the obligation to guide them and give them the necessary resources to satisfy their curious minds. This is why we are going to give you some little ideas to do with your children especially during quarantine.
Let’s start with a really fun craft activity. You will only need a flashlight and a few paper cupcake liners. You will need to print small templates or drawings of what the constellations should look like, have an awl, scissors and a spring handy. The process is very simple: print the templates, cut them out, stick them on the round part of the muffin molds and make a small hole with the awl in the place where the stars are marked. Then, to finish, place the mold on the lantern with a rubber band. With this simple idea you can play to project the constellations on the ceiling of the room and try to guess what they are. This is so that they know the different main constellations.
One of the most striking celestial objects in the sky is the Moon. We can do a very fun exercise / experiment with the children. First we have to go out to the field for several nights to observe the moon and its phases. If we could, it would be great for the children to see it through the telescope (If you don’t have one, you can always bring them to our observations). During the outings invite them to look at the phase, the craters, colors and tones of the moon. Later, at home, you can exercise your memory and try to reproduce the moon on cardboard or a round canvas. Put white and gray paint and brushes at their disposal and let the children create and experiment and, if necessary, reinforce the memory with a printed photograph. An activity from 5 years.
The Universe is everything that we can touch, feel, perceive, measure or detect. It encompasses living things, planets, stars, galaxies, dust clouds, light, and even time. Before the Universe was born, there was no time, space, or matter. The Universe contains billions of galaxies, each containing millions or billions of stars. The space between stars and galaxies is largely empty. However, even in places far from stars and planets there are scattered dust particles or a few hydrogen atoms per cubic centimeter. We must teach all this to our children so that they understand our universe a little more.