Non-binary is one of many terms used to describe people whose gender identity is not entirely male or female. Non-binary people can also use other terms like gender non-conforming, queer, or genderqueer. Many non-binary people do not use he or she pronouns because they are not totally comfortable. Other people may use it, but they do not feel internally that they are completely male or female. The idea that gender is a spectrum is based on two widely accepted beliefs: historical precedence and basic biology. From the hijras in India to the māhūs in Hawaii to the muxes in Mexico, there have always been people whose gender does not fit the stereotype of what it means to be a man or a woman.
What’s more, sex is not always binary, not even on a biological level. One in every 2000 people is born with an intersex condition. Intersex is used to describe people who have chromosomes, anatomy, or other sexual characteristics that cannot be classified as exclusively male or female. The notion that both sex and gender are binary (with all fitting into a male or female category) is a social construct. This system has been used historically to differentiate between biological and gender-related traits in men and women. Being non-binary is both a gender identity and a term to describe gender identities that are not strictly male or female. While there are many types of non-binary genres, some are more commonly discussed than others. These include:
• Gender: Not having a specific gender identity or having a gender identity that is neutral. It is sometimes used interchangeably with gender neutral, genderless, or neutral.
• Biggender: Having two different gender identities or expressions, either simultaneously, at different times or in different situations.
• Gender fluid: Moving between two or more gender identities or expressions.
• Genderqueer: A general term for people with non-binary gender identities.
• Non-binary: The term that encompasses all gender identities and expressions outside the gender binary. Also known as NB, enby or enebé.
• Third gender: Having a gender identity or expression that is not defined in terms of the binary options (male / female). It can also be referred to as the third sex or another gender.