American lawyer and politician, 44th President of the United States (2009-2017). When Barack Obama prevailed in the presidential elections on November 4, 2008, there was unanimity in affirming that no other presidential replacement had generated so much expectation and hope since the days of John Kennedy. At that time, the assessment that he would deserve his mandate was still unknown, Barack Obama inescapably went down in the annals of American politics as the first black president.
Son of Barack Obama Sr., an economist of Kenyan origin, and Shirley Ana Durham, a doctor in Anthropology from the University of Hawaii, Obama spent his childhood between Hawaii and Indonesia, a country where he learned about the conditions of poverty that affect millions of people in the so-called Third World. There he attended his primary education.
Back in the United States he spent two years at Occidental College in Los Angeles. In 1983 he entered Columbia University to study Political Science, specializing in International Relations. After his first university stage, he moved to Chicago, where he worked as a community organizer for social services for a group of Catholic parishes.
Obama’s political career began to take shape in 1990, when he made contact with Judson Miller, one of Harold Washington’s advisers, who in 1983 became Chicago’s first black mayor. With the passage of time, Miller would become one of the pillars of the Obama electoral campaign.
In 1991 he entered Harvard University to further his studies, and there he was elected the first black president of the Harvard Law Review, the student publication of that center. After graduating with honors, he returned to Chicago, where he worked for a time in a civil rights law firm.
During the three years prior to his nomination for the Democratic nomination for president of the country, Obama promoted reforms to control the sale of arms and to promote transparency in the use of federal funds. His message was always one of change, both in domestic and foreign policy, in which he defended a greater role in diplomatic action to the detriment of the use of force.
Obama took the first big step toward the presidency of the United States in February 2007, when he nominated him in the Democratic Party primaries. The other great bet of this formation was Senator Hillary Clinton, wife of former President Bill Clinton, who had an advantage in the polls. The campaign, very tight at all times, ended up deciding in favor of Obama, who won with 1,953 delegates compared to 1,770 of his rival.
His official appointment as a Democratic candidate for the presidency of the United States took place on June 3, 2008. Republican John McCain, whom Obama always considered a simple heir of George Bush, was his rival in the race presidential. During the campaign, McCain tried to distance himself from his predecessor, but his speech was erratic and unconvincing. The message of renewal and hope from the Democratic candidate, on the other hand, penetrated the electorate; Obama gradually expanded his advantage over McCain in the polls, and finally prevailed in the November 4 elections with 64.9% of the votes.