Malala Yousafzai is a 23-year-old Pakistani activist and is known for being one of the most influential activists defending the right to education for boys and girls.
When he was 13 years old, he became famous thanks to a blog he wrote under the pseudonym Gul Makai for the BBC in which he recounted his life under the Tehrik e Taliban Pakistan regime (a terrorist organization that proclaims Islamic religious extremism and jihadism) in the Swat river valley. The Taliban forced the closure of private schools, prohibiting the education of girls between 2003 and 2009. In that year, the documentary Loss of Classes, The death of women’s education, presented Malala and the impossibility of education for women in those zones. She speaks Pashtun and English, and is known for her activism in favor of civil rights, especially women’s rights.
A report published by the Army claimed that the Taliban had beheaded 13 girls, destroyed 170 schools and planted bombs in another five. When the military ended the Taliban’s tyranny in Swat, Malala used her fame to promote the right to education. On October 9, 2012, she was the victim of an attack by a Tehrik and Taliban Pakistan militiaman in Mingora, who after boarding the school bus in which Malala was traveling, repeatedly fired her pistol at her, hitting her in the skull and neck. . TTP spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan stated that they will try to kill her again. She was taken by helicopter to a military hospital where she underwent surgery.
On October 15, 2012, she was transferred to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, in the United Kingdom, in fear for her safety and for her recovery and reconstructive surgery, being discharged on January 4, 2013. With the implantation of a titanium plate and a hearing device, he entered a secondary school in England. In 2013, she was chosen by Time magazine as one of the most influential personalities in the world. In May 2014, she participated in the campaign for the liberation of young Nigerian students, kidnapped by an Islamist group.
On October 10, 2014, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize together with the Hindu Kailash Satyarthi, activist for children’s rights, becoming the youngest winner of this award. Both were awarded for their fight against child oppression and for the right of all children to education. Regarding Malala Yousafzay, the Committee stressed that «despite her youth, she has already fought for several years for the right of girls to education and showed by her example that children and young people can also contribute to improving their own situation. she did in the most dangerous of circumstances, and through her heroic struggle she has become a leading spokesperson for girls’ right to education, the jury added.