The Montessori method is an educational method characterized by independence, freedom with limits and respect for the physical and social development of the child, it recognizes the importance of activity directed by the child and observation by the adult. The child is developed through free work with teaching materials in order to develop the child’s potential in a structured environment. The Montessori environment promotes the child’s independence in exploration and the learning process, freedom and self-discipline make it possible for each child to find activities that respond to their evolutionary needs. This is possible since the children are the ones who decide what activity they want to do in a designated space with rotation of themes and activities.
The basic principles of this method are:
-Valuing the absorbing mind of children: Children have a wonderful and unique capacity, the ability to acquire knowledge by absorbing with their psychic life. They learn everything unconsciously, passing little by little from the unconscious to the conscience, moving along a path where everything is joy. They are compared to a sponge, with the difference that the sponge has a limited absorption capacity, the child’s mind is infinite
-Sensitive periods are periods in which children can acquire a skill very easily. These are special sensitivities that allow children to relate to the external world in an exceptionally intense way, are fleeting and are limited to the acquisition of a certain character.
-Have a prepared environment, this refers to an environment that has been carefully organized for the child, designed to promote their self-learning and growth. In it, the social, emotional and intellectual aspects are developed and respond to the needs of order and security. The characteristics of this prepared environment allow the child to develop without the assistance and constant supervision of an adult. The design of these environments is based on the principles of simplicity, beauty and order. They are bright and warm spaces, which include language, plants, art, music and books.
-The role of the adult in Montessori Philosophy is to guide the child and make him know the environment in a respectful and loving way. Being a conscious observer and being in continuous learning and personal development.
This method has become famous for the value and self-confidence that it gives children, allowing them to trust and develop new skills from play and teaching.
In next articles we will be talking about some Montessori activities to involve in your children daily life