When we talk about boys or girls we immediately come to mind movement, joy, laughter, hugs, kisses, and dedication to others, seek to be loved, recognized and protected. Today at 123pormi.co we want to talk to you about healthy children, well, to talk about this topic, we first define what health is according to WHO “a state of complete physical, psychological and social well-being, and not just the absence of illness “, and it would complement as the quality of life of a person that remains through time generating an emotional balance that reverberates in the body. Now, let’s define who the child is according to (D, R, & G, 1998) are “unique and unrepeatable beings, managers of their permanent process of growth and development, interact with their environment and with the adults of that environment” , they also refer that “The child is a subject that feels, wishes, communicates, acts and responds to stimuli”, adults have an important role to play in front of them, allowing them to develop their own personality and not impose on them our own, when this is allowed in a natural way children learn to identify and interpret it in a positive and harmonious way during their life course.
When these two aspects are discussed, such as the “who” in the case that concerns us the child and the “healthy” they can not be subject to a single focus, but must be like a kaleidoscope from different perspectives and multiple forms . In order to talk about a healthy child, we must first evaluate different aspects of life that are fundamental and part of that healthy development. One of the fundamental aspects is your health, which we previously saw in its definition, we will see each of them below. the dimensions of child development to have a broad understanding of everything that surrounds the child’s world.
Cognitive Dimension: The general objective is to improve the way of relating the child with other children, parents and adults, in order to contribute to their integral development. This dimension has three (3) fundamental purposes, which are:
- The search for the independence of the child.
- The search for the consistency of the child
- The autonomous development of values.
This dimension is fundamental in the intellectual development of the child and is intimately related to the affective partner. This cognitive disposition is established by biological maturation and by previous learning, which has been accumulated through personal exploration and social experiences. The cognitive term comes from the Latin “cognoscere”, which means to know. Cognitive functioning can be considered as an act or process of knowing, which includes awareness, and judgment.
Some name cognitive functioning, mental or intellectual functioning. Cognitive development refers to the increasing depth and breadth of intellectual and mental functioning that occurs as the individual matures. The goal is to promote cognitive development in the first years of the child’s life, so the child must learn to:
- Understand the world that surrounds you.
- Understand people and things.
- Understand your body and feelings, how to take care of yourself.
- Symbolize, using language and means to communicate.
- Make choices and make decisions and become independent.
- Do what is right according to the values of the place or community in general.
Body Dimension: This refers to the child’s interrelation with the world, the way his / her body represents, the child expresses desires, affectivity, movement, communication and its conceptualization. It communicates to the world how it should be valued and respected, since everything that they express has an important meaning or a reason for being, it also contributes to the development of their personality, self-image, confidence, self-esteem, self-concept, autonomy, is a vehicle that allows to identify skills, abilities and motor skills, the development of potentialities of their personality, helps them in their moral, cognitive, corporal, intellectual, socio affective, civic and psychic formation as the existential foundation of the development of thought .
With this dimension the readiness is obtained that later learn in writing and basic mathematics to facilitate the decision making and that affect the daily life.
Socio affective dimension: This area fosters in the child values such as peace, coexistence, harmony based on respect for human dignity. In this dimension plays an important role self-image, self-concept, autonomy, which helps in the creation of affective bonds with people around him.
The states of mind of the children are variable, they go from crying to laughter, from withdrawal to sadness, and they have the facility to easily forget and continue again
In a calm way, they put emotions and feelings in what they do.
Communicative dimension: Communication is aimed at expressing knowledge, ideas, expressing emotions, building affective bonds, taking reality and then expressing it in different ways. The more stimuli the child receives from his surroundings, the more easily he learns to communicate, he enriches his language, he expresses himself in an appropriate way, the dimension of the children is directed to express knowledge, ideas about things, events and phenomena of reality.
Ethical Dimension: Form in principles, moral values, responsibility for their actions, in the social projection of the community, reaching a relationship of peace, tolerance, respect, harmony and manages to improve their reality. The child appropriates what he knows, from his family, cultural, educational and social environments and reaffirms the field of knowledge, stimulating the development of the individual:
- Generates reflection spaces
- It promotes active and affective participation, based on the practice of justice and democratic values.
- Help to internalize the benefits of the rules
- It helps develop a sense of identity and belonging to your Country.
- It leads to recognize and respect ethnic and cultural diversity.
Spiritual dimension: Children have a spontaneous spirit that makes children unique, spontaneous, free, honest and one of their most significant characteristics is their kindness. This dimension is achieved thanks to the parents.
Parental attitudes that foster spirituality:
David Heller gives the following fundamentals:
- Create trust in children
- Cultivate freedom
- Show interest in the child’s life.
Aesthetic Dimension: This dimension enables the child to feel, value, accept, allows him to be free, autonomous, tolerant, helps him to develop his own personality, according to his reality, from his free expression and spontaneity he allows himself to create, develop, imagine in a climate of harmony and trust.
For all the above, as mothers and fathers we must care for and protect children as we are in charge of providing humanity with stable and healthy people.